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We find that, since 2008, economic policy uncertainty in the United States has been at a level approximately two times its long run average. Cet exemple ne correspond pas à l'entrée en orange. Equation. PE 626.100 - November 2018 EN IN-DEPTH ANALYSIS Requested by the ECON committee . 737 0 obj <> endobj Puisque les prévisions économiques sous-tendent les. ... traitement fiscal qui sera appliqué aux opérations de couverture de change [...] portant sur des devises autres que le dollar américain. the differences between the five projections presented are remarkably small. This focus on fiscal uncertainty takes place against a backdrop of currently projected future fiscal imbalances that, if realized, would require some combination of substantial spending reductions and tax increases in the coming years. The next section provides an overview of the scale and nature of fiscal risks, based on a comprehensive survey of 80 countries. Adaptations to Fiscal Uncertainty Robert K. Goertz Target-based budgeting adapts to different fiscal circumstances but focuses analysis on marginal changes. ���f^e�� ��e uncertainty Monetary Dialogue November 2018 Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies . delays in the reform of the health care system have raised some concern about the continuation of consolidation and the medium-term sustainability of public finances. How households’ perceived fiscal targets interact with other state variables (i.e., debt levels, during a boom or a recession, and other belief variables) is … professions libérales et les personnes travaillant à leur compte. Fiscal risks are factors that may cause fiscal outcomes to deviate from expectations or forecasts. �ـ����R�ƽ���32� Z�h�*� �'g �"XM7+�R �L��@����[H�20H&��Y. Since 1983, the state of New Jersey, like many other states and npmerous localities, has used target-based budgeting (TBB) to … 745 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<18818F0006643349B96EFDE21EF24579>]/Index[737 15]/Info 736 0 R/Length 58/Prev 298756/Root 738 0 R/Size 752/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream where "g t ˘ N(0;1) and "˙ g t ˘ N(0;1) are i.i.d shocks and ˙ g t drives fiscal policy uncertainty. It is one of the more common descriptive statistics functions used to calculate uncertainty. Recherchez des traductions de mots et de phrases dans des dictionnaires bilingues, fiables et exhaustifs et parcourez des milliards de traductions en ligne. �C+k��s�n��B�`�P)�(�s8S���"8)��R\'��i����4��%'�I^V�(�Av�!/��Jx�wy�:�֛�l�M����lYV��˟ׇ�Ws��>���e�b��f�-nWEvPӊy��ْg�\d���/?�mD�>�Vy5�%��"�3��J��Wټ����y.d2���Wm2~��Y��^��r�|k��>#WJ�D���/'˻��&WEyR�����X���,[ ���s�)�OY#�B$��ۊ�r�h��R��C^��&Px��f�k�%�L)��"��i���tg��N���iM{ h_���j��^)��;�p褃G���� This situation engenders uncertainty as to the law applicable. uncertainty - Traduction Anglais-Français : Retrouvez la traduction de uncertainty, mais également des exemples avec le mot uncertainty... - Dictionnaire, définitions, … The fiscal period 2002/2003 saw the first internal audit of this partnership. High uncertainty is shown to dampen the effects of monetary policy shocks. Example sentences with "fiscal uncertainty", translation memory. En Pologne, les taux d'intérêt à long terme ont commencé à augmenter en juillet 2003, principalement sous l'effet de l'élargissement des différentiels d'inflation et, This appreciation seems to have been associated with. for policy makers to make more informed budget decisions. As such a combination carries potentially large macroeconomic risks, ?����x���fn�tM��}9�_O���i�ۡI�������[���GWN�1�����T���]c���k��t-��5�����/��Ӑ-J,���-傹@fA�٘ y�. translation and definition "fiscal uncertainty", English-French Dictionary online. differential relative to the euro area, and the improvement of the economic outlook for Poland. We extend our approach to other countries, finding elevated levels of economic policy uncertainty abroad, as well. Authors: Grégory Claeys, Maria Demertzis, Jan Mazza . The VIM defines it as a "non-negative parameter characterizing the dispersion of the quantity values being attributed to a measurand, based on the information used''. 751 0 obj <>stream See more. incertitude budgétaire stemming. Your browser doesn't support HTML5 audio. traduction uncertainty dans le dictionnaire Anglais - Francais de Reverso, voir aussi 'uncertainly',uncertain',unceasingly',unceasing', conjugaison, expressions idiomatiques At the same time, risk aversion in fi nancial markets has increased. What is Uncertainty? Count the number of values and Subtract it by 1. La divergence des prévisions financières du, In particular, the possibility of future changes in policy in various regulatory domains, En particulier, la possibilité de changements politiques futurs dans différents domaines réglementaires (environnement, autonomie des autorités locales, politique budgétaire, politique, Even if the economic outlook were known with certainty, there, Même si les perspectives économiques étaient connues avec certitude, des risques pèseraient toujours sur. First, speci c news about the possible implementation of reforms gener-ates the uncertainty, as possible shifts in the policy landscape are often discussed in public prior to implementation. Fiscal policy is when our government uses its spending and taxing powers to have an impact on the economy. Here, long-term, predictable and coherent. add example. Les principaux facteurs à l'origine de cette. The 5. Ce résultat ne correspond pas à ma recherche. Definition. In practise, different methods for … $�W��������O���he`��Z��*t�u�n�k��mׅ@�tɩ� �w%]Bw��J��-QB׶�/�(r���#���H!0H����d`K��K-G'"c]ve�`0�h ��@����A0 �9���@�I0(50E$�PEp�`£�l �EX�-������AHit�t�`F�q�=`Jif`�� ainsi que le retard accusé par la réforme du système de soins de santé suscitent certaines inquiétudes quant à la poursuite de l'assainissement des finances publiques et leur viabilité à moyen terme. Many translated example sentences containing "fiscal uncertainty" – French-English dictionary and search engine for French translations. certainty that should underpin fiscal legislation, while for others it is an essential component of the protection of society from the predations of unacceptable tax avoidance. Fiscal risks can arise from macroeconomic shocks or the realization of contingent liabilities—that is obligations triggered by an uncertain event (IMF, 2012). la diminution des écarts d'inflation entre la Slovénie et la zone euro. Documents chargeables en « glisser-déposer ». average). dans le sillage des élections législatives en Pologne. Cet exemple ne correspond à la traduction ci-dessus. This is 4. #q�)ӣr���t"[P����f�K+RM)� 0G��_��p(�E!&��FX�8�W��zX�o����9����.�X�}�q�h�0naW�|��^:ꌘ *@@=��ϿZ�_|T��L�.u��oV\I���z���u߆S����CQ���~��E��1\.��`����闣��]l��Ŷqw���}�n˧��s=���� ���-JFb��;�T�ỵG�������y xQI6Z��^�����zy '�b���'h�H�pⷼ�[��7b�|}�q19»�&�n� z�nc�ք�kp�iQOM8N���9�mj��)�g�& ;�P�����v� G�XfEb��JR��RI]�p�q�ӲN�S�~3-�C&�ߐl#� k���tՔ�m�vZ��(���t`c�������y���ж��w���X6}i5���` ��*S La traduction est fausse ou de mauvaise qualité. Recent fiscal interventions have raised concerns about US public debt, future distortionary tax pressure, and long-run growth potential. The fiscal measurement of oil and gas in the North Sea must be in accordance with the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate (NPD) regulations [NPD, 2001a], which require that an uncertainty analysis of a fiscal metering system must be in accordance with "recognised standards". Fiscal measurement systems are typically driven by regulation (tax, royalty, etc.) In light of this recent development, this issue of the Fiscal Monitor examines the conduct of fiscal policy under the uncertainty caused by dependence on natural resource revenues. ��$�P�a��D5wN��F ,�8�Xϲ.f5`f��|˽�3�%��[,�\��7��\V\��,��sح���Oe�f�b����R�j�v��G*�_.3NN��;Y��s�R� This paper analyzes low-frequency fiscal uncertainty and its consequent state-dependent fiscal effects. Fiscal expansion, also known as fiscal stimulus, is one common way a government can affect economic growth. fiscal uncertainty . At the same time, risk aversion in fi nancial markets has increased. Pour de longs textes, utilisez le meilleur traducteur en ligne au monde ! 0 1. A standard oil measurement system uncertainty is ±0.25% of Standard Volume; therefore to get within this value the other system components that combine to generate a Standard Requête la plus fréquente dans le dictionnaire français : Proposer comme traduction pour "fiscal uncertainty". Synonym Discussion of uncertainty. �* � La fraude fiscale ne constitue que l’une des facettes du phénomène d’évaporation des ressources fiscales des États. 2 : of or relating to financial matters fiscal transactions. manage fiscal risks more broadly—including tail risks—and to better incorporate uncertainty into fiscal policy analysis. Gratuit. How to Calculate. Subtract each value from the mean. We explore the long-run implications of public financing policies aimed at short-run stabilization when: (i) agents are sensitive to model uncertainty, as in Hansen and Sargent (2007), and (ii) growth is endogenous, as in Romer (1990). 3. %%EOF The paper is structured as follows. FISCAL ANCHORING AMID UNCERTAINTY Since the recent fi nancial crisis and severe economic downturn, government debt-to-GDP ratios in many euro area countries have risen to very high levels. La Plateforme chargée de la bonne gouvernance fiscale assiste la Commission pour le développement d'initiatives destinées à promouvoir la bonne gouvernance en matière fiscale dans les pays tiers, contrer la planification fiscale agressive, identifier et remédier aux situations de double imposition. Furthermore, when comparing key words associated with the four different categories of health, fiscal, monetary and trade policy, trade policy uncertainty had been the highest among the four with a spike in 2019, but it is now low and the lowest among these four – again, due to overriding concerns driven by the pandemic. h�b```�lf�] ��� M� In Poland, longgterm interest rates started to increase in July 2003, mainly due to rising inflation. de l'écart de taux d'intérêt avec la zone euro et à l'amélioration des perspectives économiques en Pologne. The combination and interaction of government expenditures and … Government policies and actions often influence the economy of the country. This includes the transferring of raw and refined petroleum between tanks and tankers; tankers and ships and other transactions. traduction avoidance dans le dictionnaire Anglais - Francais de Reverso, voir aussi 'tax avoidance',avoid',avoidable',advance', conjugaison, expressions idiomatiques Since 1983, the state of New Jersey, like many other states and npmerous localities, has used target-based budgeting (TBB) to prepare its eixecutive budget. New evidence has put an end to the uncertainty. A measure of the dispersion of a set of data from its mean (i.e. Custody Transfer in the oil and gas industry refers to the transactions involving transporting physical substance from one operator to another. considérablement la planification sur le long terme. dans des modes de transports plus écologiques et plus fluides. Adaptations to Fiscal Uncertainty Robert K. Goertz Target-based budgeting adapts to different fiscal circumstances but focuses analysis on marginal changes. Forums pour discuter de uncertainty, voir ses formes composées, des exemples et poser vos questions. investments in greener and seamless transport. The ... uncertainty is simply a consequence of unclear mapping from reality into the tax and accounting position. [...] governments; (2) uncertainty created by the possibility of policy change; (3) fiscal uncertainty; and (4) uncertainty regarding property rights. noun [ C or U ] uk. La fiscalité écologique, aussi nommée fiscalité environnementale ou écofiscalité, est une forme de fiscalité émergente qui vise, au moyen d'un signal-prix (et non directement par une norme ou loi contraignante), à protéger l'environnement et les ressources naturelles en limitant leur dégradation et surexploitation [1], voire en finançant leur restauration ou gestion restauratoire. C1. multilatérale et, de ce fait, compromettent l'efficacité de la pression exercée par les pairs. FISCAL ANCHORING AMID UNCERTAINTY Since the recent fi nancial crisis and severe economic downturn, government debt-to-GDP ratios in many euro area countries have risen to very high levels. endstream endobj 741 0 obj <>stream Fiscal Uncertainty despite Eurobonds. économiques en dépenses et en revenus fiscaux. That handbook concentrated on fiscal oil metering stations based on a turbine flow meter, and fiscal gas metering stations based on an orifice flow meter. h��U�N�@��},����k !AZT��$-�&X���A�Q�����N�` / ʌnˈsɝː.t ə n.ti /. 1 : of or relating to taxation, public revenues, or public debt fiscal policy the city's fiscal requirements. reduce the value of multilateral surveillance procedures and, thus, weaken, politiques budgétaires, elles réduisent la valeur des procédures de surveillance. La période fiscale comprend le trimestre civil. We develop a new method to measure economic policy uncertainty and test its dynamic relationship with output, investment, and employment. . Policy uncertainty is a class of economic risk where the future path of government policy is uncertain, raising risk premia and leading businesses and individuals to delay spending and investment until this uncertainty has been resolved. a situation in which something is not known, or something that is not known or certain: Nothing is ever decided, and all the uncertainty is very bad for staff morale. %PDF-1.5 %���� Graph and download economic data for Economic Policy Uncertainty Index for United States (USEPUINDXD) from 1985-01-01 to 2020-11-26 about uncertainty, academic data, indexes, and USA. Uncertainty definition is - the quality or state of being uncertain : doubt. uncertainty - traduction anglais-français. Square each value in step 1. Typical is an example from the minutes of the September 2012 FOMC meeting: "Many [FOMC] participants also noted that a high level of uncertainty regarding the European fiscal and banking crisis and the outlook for U.S. fiscal and regulatory policies was weighing on confidence, thereby restraining household and business spending." variables fluctuates considerably over time. Uncertainty simply means the lack of certainty or sureness of an event. Anticipating and budgeting for fiscal uncertainty and planning bias is both feasible and nec essary . Although the Legislative Assembly approved the issuance of $1.5 billion of debt in the international market, Fitch Ratings believes that in the coming years there could be renewed uncertainty about the sources of financing for the Costa Rican government. Fiscal uncertainty comes in many forms, but often has four aspects that make it unique. and generally follow the same principles as a custody transfer system. h�bbd``b`�$g��y�� $X"��2�x����T d100�����` -� � south of the border, there still is great uncertainty as to consumers' ability to drive the recovery given high. les exigences futures des économies de carburant. Traduisez des textes avec la meilleure technologie de traduction automatique au monde, développée par les créateurs de Linguee. / ʌnˈsɜː.t ə n.ti / us. uncertainty calculations - Fiscal metering stations" [Dahl et al., 1999] was published in 1999. se répercute sur les projections financières. Translations of the phrase FISCAL UNCERTAINTY from english to spanish and examples of the use of "FISCAL UNCERTAINTY" in a sentence with their translations: ...levels were not compromised despite fiscal uncertainty . July 2019. Ce délai ne peut pas dépasser de deux mois l'échéance de chaque période fiscale. 2. H�\�͊�@�OQ��Ec�n�!�Y���H��&F����OO�#$�J�:��o�C׎.�>��cݥ�!>��C�9^�.+J״���4�׷S��i������]��b����c��e����5˿ M���^~m��. Utilisez DeepL Traducteur pour traduire instantanément textes et documents, After the 1998 federal elections, the new, Après les élections fédérales de 1998, le. of budgetary measures announced in the programme. Copy to clipboard; Details / edit; Termium. How to use uncertainty in a sentence. endstream endobj startxref In definition (18), Vt is the equity held by bankers who survive in t. Those who die in t, transfer their wage to new bankers entering the economy and consume part of their equity, such as ce t = (1 )ϱVt Pt, while the rest, At Pt = (1 )(1 ϱ) Vt Pt; is lump-sum transferred to households. In accounting Accounting vs Finance This guide will compare accounting vs finance across various aspects. Uncertainty definition, the state of being uncertain; doubt; hesitancy: His uncertainty gave impetus to his inquiry. Policy uncertainty may refer to uncertainty about monetary or fiscal policy, the tax or regulatory regime, or uncertainty over electoral outcomes that will influence political … économiques sous-jacentes fluctuant sensiblement au fil du temps. Parameters ˆg and ˆ˙g drive the persistence associated to the level and volatility spending shocks respectively, and ˙g drives the magnitude of the public spending uncertainty shock. Typical is an example from the minutes of the September 2012 FOMC meeting: "Many [FOMC] participants also noted that a high level of uncertainty regarding the European fiscal and banking crisis and the outlook for U.S. fiscal and regulatory policies was weighing on confidence, thereby restraining household and business spending." The GUM defines measurement uncertainty as a "parameter, associated with the result of a measurement, that characterizes the dispersion of the values that could reasonably be attributed to the measurand''. endstream endobj 738 0 obj <>/Metadata 145 0 R/Outlines 269 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/Pages 723 0 R/StructTreeRoot 310 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 739 0 obj <>/Font<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Type/Page>> endobj 740 0 obj <>stream For example, in one Area office, the decision to, Par exemple, dans un bureau de Secteur, la décision d'acheter un, véhicule très nécessaire a été retardée à, In midd2003, longgterm interest rates in the Czech, Republic started to increase, in parallel with rising inflation and, Mi-2003, les taux d'intérêt à long terme ont, commencé de se tendre, parallèlement à la hausse de l'inflation et, A prudent approach to fiscal forecasting: The federal government adopted a high degree of prudence in its fiscal planning to meet the firm commitment, of achieving a balanced budget or better in every, La prudence des prévisions financières : Le gouvernement fédéral a fait preuve d'une grande prudence dans sa planification financière afin de réaliser le ferme engagement de, présenter des budgets équilibrés ou excédentaires chaque, Since midd2003, longg term interest rates have risen in Poland, in, parallel with renewed exchange rate depreciation, an increase in, Depuis mi-2003, les taux d'intérêt à long terme ont augmenté en Pologne, parallèlement à une nouvelle, dépréciation du taux de change, un renforcement des tensions, The level of the 2009-10 contingency funds -, set at about three per cent of total expense -, Le niveau des fonds de prévoyance de 2009-2010, fixé à environ, It concludes that the objective criteria, which inform investors' perceptions of certainty, fall into four basic categories: (1) uncertainty created by gaps in the, Il en conclut que les critères objectifs, qui qualifient la perception des investisseurs en matière de certitude, tombent dans quatre catégories de base : (1) incertitude créée par des lacunes dans la loi ou dans l'attribution des, external assistance makes long-term planning. Add all of the values from step 2. Directorate-General for Internal Policies . Your browser doesn't support HTML5 audio. Tax period is a calendar quarter. We consider an exogenous stochastic driving processes with time-varying volatility for government spending.

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